The definition of a “returning resident” according to the Ministry of Aliyah and Immigrant Absorption.
- They hold Israeli citizenship.
- At the time of their return to Israel they were at least 17 years old.
- They were formerly an Israeli resident.
- Residence abroad – They resided abroad for at least two years.
- A "returning scientist" is eligible for assistance from the Center for Absorption in Science if they resided abroad for at least five years.
- A "business entrepreneur" is eligible for assistance if they resided abroad for at least three years.
- Visits to Israel – Visits to Israel, whether consecutive or cumulative, were for a maximum of four months during each year of absence (in the last two years before their return to Israel, or three years for entrepreneurs and five years for scientists). A visit beginning in one year and continuing without interruption into the next year will be considered one visit.
- The residence abroad was not for the purpose of serving as an emissary – Neither the returning resident nor his/her spouse nor either one of his/her parents was posted abroad as an employee of one of the bodies listed below (unless five years have elapsed since the end of the emissary mission):
- The State of Israel
- Any authority of the State of Israel (including government companies)
- World Zionist Organization or any of its institutions
- The Jewish Agency for Israel
- The Jewish National Fund
- Keren Hayesod
- The United Jewish Appeal
- The State of Israel Bonds
They did not previously receive assistance as a returning resident from the Ministry of Absorption, only if 10 years have passed since receipt of the last assistance, and on condition that the individual returns following residence of at least 6 years abroad.
- They did not receive any assistance as a new immigrant from the Ministry of Aliyah and Immigrant Absorption during the previous two years.
If the returning Israeli is separated or divorced with children, or one member of a couple who has come to Israel ahead of the other
together with their children, he/she must provide a notarized declaration
made by the children's other parent, signed before an Israeli consul, stating their agreement to the removal of the children to Israel.